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BELGIUM

 
 

Belgium: restructuring in Belgium

As France, Belgium balances the right given to management to decide whether restructuring and lay offs must be implemented or not by an obligation to inform and consult workers’ representatives before the decision is definitively taken and the rules have been recently tightened by the introduction of the so called “Renault law” which followed the closure by the French manufacturer of its plant in Vilvoorde.

 
The Belgian negotiation system, described as “neo corporatism” is based on a high level of social partner’s involvement in decision making processes, of which restructuring. Cases studies show three kind of innovations. Two of them refer to the process: the role of local actors in maintaining local activities threatened by global restructuring decisions (Alcatel and Neslté in the Lieges Region) and the example of a sensitive to workers’ representative proposals approach when Bio Company faced restructuring.
 
A third innovation is analysed in the case study dedicated to employers’ grouping that shows to which extend a foreign setting can be translated in an other country with different institutional and legal contexts and the conditions allowing to this flexicurity mechanism to play a role in a context of restructuring.
 
  Case studies:
 
Case study BIO, Belgium
  Job pools in Belgium
  The management Buy out
  Restructuring of the Alcatel factory in Colfontaine